New York University History

NYU is a private study university in the city of New York. The New York State Legislature gave the company its start in 1831. Albert Gallatin led a group of New Yorkers who came up with the idea for NYU.[15]

In 1832, the all-male, non-religious school near City Hall held its first classes. The program was based on a secular education.[16][17] The university moved in 1833, and its main campus has always been in Greenwich Village, around Washington Square Park.[18] Since then, the university has added a school of engineering at the MetroTech Center in Brooklyn and graduate schools all over Manhattan.[19] NYU has 51,848 students, including 26,733 undergraduates and 25,115 graduate students in 2019. This makes it the biggest private university in the United States by number of students.[20][10] NYU also gets the most applications of any private school in the U.S. and the ninth-most applications of any school in the U.S. overall,[21] and entry is thought to be very competitive.[22][23][24]

The student schools at NYU’s main campus in New York City are the College of Arts and Sciences, Gallatin School, Steinhardt School, Stern School of Business, Tandon School of Engineering, and Tisch School of the Arts.The Grossman School of Medicine, the School of Law, the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, the School of Professional Studies, the Silver School of Social Work, and the Rory Meyers School of Nursing are some of the 15 graduate schools at NYU.[25][16] The Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, the Center for Data Science, the Center for Neural Science, the Clive Davis Institute, the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, the Institute of Fine Arts, and the NYU Langone Health System are all research centers inside the university.[26] NYU is a world university system[27]. It has degree-granting schools at NYU Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates and NYU Shanghai in China, as well as academic learning centers in Accra, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Florence, London, Los Angeles, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Sydney, Tel Aviv, and Washington, D.C.[28][29][30]

39 Nobel Prize winners, 8 Turing Award winners, 5 Fields Medalists, 5 MacArthur Fellows, 31 MacArthur Fellows, 26 Pulitzer Prize winners, 3 heads of state, and a U.S. Supreme Court justice are among the school’s past and present teachers and graduates.[31] Five U.S. governors, four New York City mayors, 12 U.S. senators, 58 U.S. House of Representatives members, two heads of the Federal Reserve,[32] There are 38 winners of the Academy Award, 30 winners of the Emmy Award, 25 winners of the Tony Award, 12 winners of the Grammy Award, 17 billionaires, and seven winners of an Olympic prize.[33][34][35][36][37][38][39]

History

Albert Gallatin, who worked as Secretary of the Treasury for Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, said that he wanted to set up “in this huge and quickly growing city… a system of rational and practical education that is suitable and open to all.”[1] In 1830, a “literary and scientific convention” was held at City Hall for three days. More than 100 members were there, and they talked about the details of a plan for a new university. These New Yorkers thought that the city needed a university for young guys that would let them in based on their abilities instead of their birthright or social class.

On April 18, 1831, the school that would become NYU was founded with the help of a group of well-known businessmen, bankers, and traders from New York City.Albert Gallatin was chosen as the country’s first president.[14] On April 21, 1831, the New York State Legislature gave the new school its license and made it official as the University of the City of New York. Older records often call it by that name. Since the beginning, people have called the school “New York University,” and in 1896, the name was changed to “New York University.”[14] In 1832, the first classes at NYU were held in rooms rented from Clinton Hall, a four-story building near City Hall.[14] In 1835, NYU’s first professional school, the School of Law, opened. Even though conservative Presbyterians wanted to start a new school because they thought Columbia College was too Episcopalian,[41] NYU was made to be non-religious, which was different from most American colleges at the time.[14] In 1876, NYU was the place where the American Chemical Society was started.

In 1850, the NYU building was in Washington Square.

Bronx Community College is now located on the University Heights site.
Soon after it opened, it became one of the biggest universities in the country. In 1917, it had 9,300 students.[42] Because the old school was too crowded, the university bought a new campus at University Heights in the Bronx. NYU also wanted to move higher with the growth of New York City. In 1894, Chancellor Henry Mitchell MacCracken led the way in getting NYU to move to the Bronx.[14] The University Heights building was much bigger than the one that came before it. Because of this, most of the university’s activities, as well as the student College of Arts and Sciences and School of Engineering, were based there. The university’s administration moved to the new campus, but the graduate schools stayed at Washington Square.[43] In 1914, Washington Square College opened as the NYU college for first-year students in the downtown area.[needs reference] In 1935, NYU opened “Nassau College-Hofstra Memorial of New York University at Hempstead, Long Island.” This add-on would eventually

be able to stand on its own as Hofstra University.[44]

In 1950, NYU was accepted into the Association of American Universities, a group of the best public and private research universities that does not make money.[45][46]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, New York City’s government was in financial trouble, and the problems spread to other parts of the city, including NYU.[47] When it looked like NYU was going to go bankrupt, President James McNaughton Hester worked with the City University of New York to buy the University Heights building, which happened in 1973.[18] In 1973, the New York University School of Engineering and Science joined with the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. [48] The Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn later merged back with NYU, which is how the Tandon School of Engineering came to be. After the Bronx property was sold, University College and Washington Square College joined together. In the 1980s, President John Brademas[49] led NYU to start a billion-dollar drive, which was led by Naomi B. Levine[50] and almost entirely used to update buildings.[51] The operation was supposed to last for 15 years, but it only took 10 years to finish.[52]

L. Jay Oliva was sworn in as the 14th president of the university in the year 1991.[53] After he was sworn in as president, he started the League of World Universities, a group of rectors and presidents from major universities on all six continents. Every two years, the league’s 47 members get together to talk about problems in education around the world.[54]

In 2003, President John Sexton started a $2.5 billion effort to raise money that would be used for things like staff and student help.[55] Under Sexton’s direction, NYU also started a big change to become a world university.

In 2009, the university made a statement of labor values for the Abu Dhabi campus workers in response to a series of interviews in The New York Times that showed a pattern of labor mistreatment at its new campus in Abu Dhabi. A follow-up story from 2014 found that, while some conditions had gotten better, companies for the university were still often making their people work in conditions that were similar to those in the third world. The story said that workers’ papers were taken away, they were forced to work extra hours, they had to pay to get hired, and they had to sleep under their beds in cockroach-filled dorms. The story says that workers who tried to protest the conditions of the NYU freelancers were quickly arrested.[56] There were also reports that people who were caught were mistreated at the police station. Many workers who weren’t from the area were then sent back to where they came from.[57] When the news came out, the university quickly apologized to the workers.[58] Even though the Abu Dhabi government paid for the entire cost of building the campus and will also pay for any future growth, NYU also paid thousands of foreign workers on its Abu Dhabi complex in 2015.[59]

From 2007 to 2018, the number of people applying to NYU’s university system went up by 114%, from about 35,000 to more than 100,000 in 2020.[23] This has also led to a big drop in the acceptance rate, which will hit a record low of 15% in 2020.[60] In the same way that NYU grew quickly in the early 1900s, it grew quickly again in the early 2000s. By 2018, it had over 59,000 undergraduate and graduate students, making it the biggest private university in the United States.

In August 2018, the New York University Grossman School of Medicine announced that it would give full-tuition grants to all present and future students in its MD program. This made it the only top-10 medical school in the United States to do so.[61]

President Andrew D. Hamilton said in the spring of 2022 that the 2023-2024 school year would be his last and that he would be going back to study.[62] Linda G. Mills will take over the job after him.[63]

Logo for the school

The university’s symbol, a light held high, comes from the Statue of Liberty and shows how NYU helps the city.[64] Both the NYU shield and the more abstract NYU mark, which was made in 1965 by the famous graphic artist Tom Geismar of the branding and design company Chermayeff & Geismar, show the torch.[65] There are at least two possible stories about how the university’s color, violet, got its name. Some people think it might have been picked because violets grew in large numbers in Washington Square and around the Old University Building’s walls. Others say that the color may have been chosen because the violet was the flower of Athens, which in ancient Greece was the center of study.

Cultural setting
Since the early 1800s, Washington Square and Greenwich Village have been the culture centers of New York City. NYU has been part of a lot of this culture at different times in its past. Around Washington Square, artists from the Hudson River School, which was the first well-known group of painters in the United States, made their homes. Samuel F.B. Morse was the first chair of Painting and Sculpture. He was a well-known artist who also invented the telegraph and made the Morse Code. In the middle of the 1800s, he and Daniel Huntington were among the first people to live in the Old University Building. (The “academic” building was rented out by the university as workshop space and flats.) So, they were involved in the academic and artistic life of the university in a big way.[47]

Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Daniel Chester French were artists who lived and worked near the Square in the 1870s. By the 1920s, Washington Square Park was known across the country as a place where artists and moral rebels came together. As a result, the Washington Square campus became more urban and full of different kinds of people. This led to changes in academics at NYU.[47] Eugene O’Neill, John Sloan, and Maurice Prendergast were all well-known people who lived at this time. In the 1930s, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Edward Hopper, and Thomas Hart Benton, all of whom were realists, had offices near Washington Square. When Allen Ginsberg and Bob Dylan moved there in the 1960s, the area became one of the hubs of the beat and folk generations. This caused trouble with the university, which at the time was in the middle of a very busy phase of building new structures.[47] The university opened The Grey Art Gallery at 100 Washington Square East in 1975. It holds the NYU art collection and has shows that are as good as those in museums.[66][67]

Budget and fundraising

NYU has finished a $2.5 billion effort that took seven years and raised more than $3 billion, which is more than they had hoped for.[68] This effort began in 2001 and was NYU’s biggest in its history. The goal was to “raise $1 million per day for scholarships and financial aid, faculty building, new academic initiatives, and improving NYU’s physical facilities.”[69] The campaign included a $50 million gift from the Tisch family, which was used to name a building and the art school, and a $60 million gift from six directors called “The Partners Fund,” which was used to hire new teachers.[69][70] On October 15, 2007, the university said that the Silver family had given $50 million to the School of Social Work. As a result, the name of the school will change.[71] This is the most money that has ever been given to a social work school in the US.[72]

The 2007–2008 school year was NYU’s most successful funding year to date. In the first 11 months of the year, the school raised $698 million, which was a 70% rise from the previous year.[73] The university also recently announced plans for NYU’s Call to Action, a new program that will ask graduates and donors to help pay for financial aid for NYU students.[74]

The university has revealed a plan to grow and change over the next 25 years. It will be 200 years old in 2031. Plans for “NYU 200” include adding more residential and classroom space, hiring more teachers, and bringing the New York City community into the planning process in a clear way. Also, NYU wants to make its buildings friendlier to the environment. This will be made easier by a review of all school areas.[75] As part of this plan, NYU bought 118 million kilowatt-hours of wind power during the 2006–2007 school year. This was the most wind power that any university or organization in New York City had ever bought.[76] For 2007, the university bought 132 million kilowatt-hours of wind power, which is a lot.[77] In its yearly College & University Green Power Challenge, the EPA named NYU as one of the best schools in the country because of this.[78]

NYU regularly ranks as one of the best places to raise money in the country. In 2015, it raised $506.4 million and in 2016, it raised $648 million.[79] NYU is also the 19th richest university in the United States. In fiscal year 2014, it had $5.3 billion in cash and investments.[80]

Campus

Campus of NYU is the main topic of this story.
More than 171 buildings make up NYU’s campus in New York City. They are spread out between Manhattan and Brooklyn.[81][82] Most of the school’s buildings in Manhattan are spread out over an area of about 230 acres (93 ha) that is bordered by Houston Street to the south, Broadway to the east, 14th Street to the north, and Sixth Avenue (Avenue of the Americas) to the west. The buildings around Washington Square Park are the heart of NYU.[83][84][85] In addition to its school in New York, NYU has two “portal” sites and 12 Global Academic Centers overseas with 49 more buildings.

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